Ranked among the top 17 among cities demonstrating the strongest economic clout by PwC’s 2016 Cities of Opportunity Index, Tokyo is Japan’s capital city. In 2019, Japan placed third among the world’s safest countries for tourists according to acclaimed travel specialist BookMundi.
Tokyo’s economic prowess is supported by the fact that 29 of the Fortune Global 500 companies have their headquarters located in Japan’s capital including automotive leader Honda Motor, telecom giant Nippon Telegraph and Telephone, electronics behemoth Sony and industrial machinery titan Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.
Japan was the world’s number 4 exporter in 2017, shipping US$698.2 billion worth of goods around the globe. Highest-value Japanese exports are automobiles, automotive parts and accessories, electronic integrated circuits, semiconductor-making machines and printing machinery according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Tokyo, Japan: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Tokyo Tower, Hanazono Jinja shrine and Sensō-ji temple
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Tokyo, Japan.
- Yoko Ono, artist (born Feb. 18, 1933)
- Rola, model, actress & singer (born Mar. 30, 1990 )
- Akihito, emperor (born Dec. 23, 1933)
- Shinzō Abe, political leader (born Sep. 21, 1954)
- Takaharu Tezuka, architect (born Feb. 23, 1964)
- Princess Masako, crown princess (born Dec. 9, 1963)
- Yuki Furukawa, model, actor, dancer & guitarist (born Dec. 18, 1987)
- Renhō, journalist & politician (born Nov. 28, 1967)
- Hikari Okubo, motorcycle racer (born Aug. 11, 1993)
- Mademoiselle Yulia, DJ, singer & designer (born Aug. 10, 1987 )
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches of published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Tokyo resident: Tokyoite
Population: 13.6 million (Tokyo Metropolis)
Density: 16,095 people per square mile (6,216 per square kilometer)
Population: 38 million (Tokyo-Yokohama)
Density: 11,515 people per square mile (4,446 per square kilometer)
Population: 126,702,133 (Japan)
Density: 900 people per square mile (348 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$1.617 trillion in 2014 (Tokyo-Yokohama)
GDP per person: $42,446
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Tokyo: Japanese Yen
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 14, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Asia: Japan. Accessed on January 31, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 14, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 14, 2016
Fortune, 2015 Global 500. Accessed on January 31, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on January 31, 2017
Official Government Website, Tokyo Metropolitan Government. Accessed on November 14, 2016
PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), 2016 Cities of Opportunity Report. Accessed on January 31, 2017
The World Factbook, Field Listing: World, Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on November 14, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 14, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Greater Tokyo Area. Accessed on January 31, 2017
Wikipedia, Japan. Accessed on January 31, 2017
Wikipedia, Tokyo. Accessed on November 14, 2016
Officially, the capital includes Tokyo Metropolis which is an administrative jurisdiction known as a prefecture. Tokyo Metropolis has a population of 13.6 million.
The greater Tokyo metropolitan area is called Tokyo-Yokohama, which encompasses three prefectures including Tokyo Metropolis. Serving as home to 38 million residents makes Tokyo-Yokohama the world’s most populated metropolitan area.
At the country level, Japan’s land territory covers 140,728 square miles (364,485 square kilometers). The national population was 126.7 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Unsurprisingly, population density is highest in the Tokyo Metropolis capital with an average 16,095 Tokyoites per square mile (6,216 per square kilometer).
Urban density diminishes to an average 11,515 residents per square mile (4,446 per square kilometer) for Tokyo’s greater metropolitan area.
For Japan overall, population density drops significantly to an average 900 Japanese per square mile (348 per square kilometer).
Japan celebrates the birthday of Emperor Akihito each December 23.