Ulaanbaatar (commonly called Ulan Bator) is the capital city of Mongolia, a landlocked country in Central Asia more than twice the size of Texas. Mongolia holds the title as the world’s most sparsely populated sovereign nation. Ulaanbaatar is recognized as the coldest capital city on the planet.
Mongolia exported an estimated US$4.6 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2016. Highest value Mongolian exports include copper, coal, gold, crude oil, iron, fine or coarse animal hair, and zinc according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Genghis Khan Statue Complex, Gandantegchenling Monastery, Manzshir Monastery, Chenresig Temple, Holy Trinity Orthodox Church and the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia:
- Enkhbatyn Badar-Uugan, Olympic boxing medalist (born Jun. 3, 1985)
- Tuya Altan, actress (born Mar. 31, 1989)
- Rostislav Vargashkin, Olympic cycling medalist (born Jun. 2, 1933)
- Tugs Saruul, model (born Apr. 17, 1991)
- Bayaraagiin Naranbaatar, Olympic wrestler (born Mar. 11, 1980)
- Minjin Altansukh, beauty blogger (born Sep. 24, 2000)
- Timur Bolat, Olympic judoka (born May 14, 1989)
- Namkhaidorjiin Bayarmaa, Olympic weightlifter (born Jun. 1, 1978)
- Andrei Capitanciuc, Olympic swimmer (born May 8, 1985)
- Byambyn Tuvshinbat, Olympic boxer (born Mar. 27, 1987)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Ulaanbaatar resident: Mongolian
Population: 1,377,000 (Ulaanbaatar)
Density: 11,475 people per square mile (4,431 per square kilometer)
Population: 3,081,677 (Mongolia)
Density: 5 people per square mile (2 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$36.1 billion in 2015 (for Mongolia, per CIA World Factbook)
GDP per person: $12,100
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Ulaanbaatar were unavailable.
Official currency used in Ulaanbaatar: Tögrög
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on February 26, 2017
CBC News, Iced cap: Ottawa currently coldest capital city in the world. Accessed on December 29, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, East & Southeast Asia: Mongolia. Accessed on February 26, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on February 26, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Official Government Website, Ulaanbaatar City in the World. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Mongolia. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Wikipedia, Ulaanbaatar. Accessed on February 26, 2017
Ulaanbaatar has an estimated 1.4 million residents, living within an area measuring 120 square miles (311 square kilometers).
Ulaanbaatar’s people count represents about 45% of the overall national population of 3.1 million Mongolians for 2016. However, Mongolia’s vast land area covering 599,831 square miles (1,553,556 square kilometers) is about 5,000 times greater than that contained within Ulaanbaatar’s city limits.
Population density is exponentially higher within Mongolia’s capital city with an average 11,500 inhabitants per square mile (4,400 per square kilometer).
Within national borders, Mongolia’s population density drops severely to average just 5 people per square mile (2 per square kilometer).
Mongolia won its freedom from China on July 11, 1921. Residents celebrate Independence Day/Revolution Day on each July 11.