Nicknamed the City of Music to celebrate its many world-famous musicians including Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms and Strauss, Vienna is the capital city for the Republic of Austria.
Vienna is also called the City of Dreams, originally because the father of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud worked in the Austrian capital for almost 50 years where he founded psychotherapy as a methodology for treating psychological disorders.
Vienna won the coveted title as the world’s number 1 city on Mercer’s 2016 Quality of Living Survey for overall quality of life. The annual survey compares 230 cities from around the globe based on 39 factors including political, economic, environmental, personal safety, health, education, transportation and other public service factors. On the personal safety factor, Vienna placed fifth. New York City is used as the benchmark for all comparisons.
More recently, Vienna was declared the world’s second-most liveable city close behind Melbourne, Australia by The Economist’s Global Liveability Ranking released on August 16, 2017. That index also makes Vienna the most liveable national capital city. In the study, Vienna excelled on the health care, education, infrastructure and stability components.
Austria exported an estimated US$152.2 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2016. Highest-value Austrian exports include medicines, cars, automotive parts and accessories, piston engines and telephone sets including smartphones according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Vienna, Austria: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Schoenbrunn Palace, Belvedere Palace Museum, St. Stephen’s Cathedral, St. Peter’s Church, Imperial Treasury of Vienna, The House of Music and the Sigmund Freud Museum
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Vienna, Austria:
- David Alaba, soccer player/footballer (born Jun. 24, 1992)
- Boris Kodjoe, actor (born Mar. 8, 1973)
- Viktor Frankl, neurologist & psychiatrist (born Mar. 26, 1905)
- Christoph Waltz, actor (born Oct. 4, 1956)
- Niki Lauda, race car driver (born Feb. 22, 1949)
- Francis Lawrence, director (born Mar. 26, 1971)
- Marko Arnautovic, soccer player/footballer (born Apr. 19, 1989)
- FaZe Blaziken, YouTube star (born Aug. 19, 1996)
- Gottfried Helnwein, visual artist (born Oct. 8, 1948)
- Shoshana Ribner, Olympic swimmer (born Feb. 20, 1938)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Vienna resident: Viennese
Population: 1,863,881 (Vienna city)
Density: 11,642 people per square mile (4,495 per square kilometer)
Population: 2,600,000 (including built-up urban areas)
Density: 14,857 people per square mile (5,736 per square kilometer)
Population: 8,711,770 (Austria)
Density: 274 people per square mile (106 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$110 billion in 2014 (Vienna)
GDP per person: $63,000
Note: The above GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars.
Official currency used in Vienna: euro
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on February 24, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Europe: Austria. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on February 24, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on February 24, 2017
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Mercer, Western European Cities Top Quality Of Living Ranking ‒ Mercer . Accessed on February 24, 2017
Official Government Website, wien.at. Accessed on February 24, 2017
The Economist, The Global Liveability Ranking. Accessed on August 23, 2017
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Austria. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Wikipedia, Mercer Quality of Living Survey. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Wikipedia, Vienna. Accessed on February 24, 2017
Boasting the world’s second-largest German-speaking population behind only Berlin, an estimated 1.9 million people lived in Vienna as of October 2016. Vienna’s city limits contain an area measuring 160 square miles (415 square kilometers).
Encompassing the built-up urban areas in Vienna’s immediate vicinity, approximately 2.6 million people live within a total area of 175 square miles (453 square kilometers).
At the country level, Austria’s land area covers 31,832 square miles (82,445 square kilometers). The national population count was 7.7 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Compared to the urbanized areas surrounding Vienna’s city boundaries, population density is lower within Austria’s capital city with an average 11,600 Vienneses per square mile (4,500 per square kilometer).
Density intensifies to an average 14,900 people per square mile (5,700 per square kilometer) after metrics for Vienna’s nearby urban areas are added in.
For Austria overall, population density drops to an average 274 inhabitants per square mile (106 per square kilometer).
To commemorate the law passed ensuring Austria’s permanent neutrality, Austrians celebrate National Day as a public holiday each October 26.