Located 5,600 feet (1,700 meters) above sea level, Windhoek is the 12th highest capital city on the planet.
Windhoek means windy corner in the Afrikkaans language. Nicknames for Namibia include the Land of Many Faces and Land of the Brave.
Geographically Windhoek is near the center of Namibia but is also close to the Kalahari Desert. Windhoek has a very dry winter season and is sunny almost year-round (about 300 out of 365 days).
Research website numbeo ranks Windhoek in the top 49% compared to the 250 cities evaluated on its overall quality of life index at June 2020. Windhoek scored relatively well on index factors such as traffic commute time (fastest 6%), property price to income ratio (lowest 21%) cost of living (least expensive 26%) and climate (upper 38%). On the negative side, Windhoek rates relatively poorly for safety (worst 5%) and health care (bottom 33%).
Namibia was recognized by the Guinness World Records for the wonder plant found in the Namib Desert. The wonder plant produces the longest leaves of any other desert plant, measuring up to 13.1 feet (4 meters).
Another Guinness World Record recognized Namibia as the site of the world’s largest meteorite. The block weighed an estimated 132,277 pounds (60,000 kilograms) and measured 9 feet (2.7 meters) long and 8 feet (2.4 meters) wide.
From an international trade perspective, Namibia exports an estimated US$6.4 worth of goods around the globe in 2019. Its most valuable exports include unmounted diamonds (20.8% of Namibia’s global total), unmounted diamonds (17.6%), uranium or thorium ores and concentrates (11.7%), gold (5%), fresh or chilled fish fillets (also 5%), frozen fish excluding fillets (4.8%), refined copper and related alloys (3.5%), unwrought tin (2.9%), live cattle (1.7%), malt beer (1.4%), and refined petroleum oils (also 1.4%) according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Windhoek, Namibia: Quick Reference
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Windhoek, Namibia.
- Jacques Burger, World Cup rugby player (born Jul. 29, 1983)
- Frankie Fredericks, Olympic sprint medalist (born Oct. 2, 1967)
- Franja du Plessis, singer-songwriter (born Jan. 2, 1994)
- Rudolf Bester, soccer player/footballer (born Jul. 19, 1983)
- EES, hip hop artist (born Oct. 5, 1982)
- Marc Bassingthwaighte, Olympic cyclist (born Oct. 11, 1983)
- Trevor Dodds, professional golfer (born Sep. 26, 1959)
- Erik Hoffmann, professional bicycle road racer (born Aug. 22, 1981)
- Anton Bresler, rugby player (born Feb. 16, 1988 )
- Jonas Matheus, Olympic boxer (born Apr. 29, 1986)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a resident of Namibia: Namibian
Population: 431,171 (Windhoek) at August 24, 2020
Density: 218 people per square mile (84 per square kilometer)
Population: 2,548,035 (Namibia) at August 24, 2020
Density: 8 people per square mile (3 per square kilometer)
Median age for all Namibia: 21.8 years old
GDP: US$27.7 billion in 2019 (Namibia)
GDP per person: $11,266
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Windhoek were unavailable.
Official currency used in Windhoek: Namibian dollar
Capital landmarks: National Museum of Namibia, Christuskirche, Heroes Acre, St. Mary’s Catholic Cathedral, Independence Stadium and the Kalahari Sands Casino
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data).
Central Intelligence Agency, he World Factbook Africa: Namibia.
City of Windhoek, Interesting Facts about Windhoek.
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition.
Guinness World Records, Desert plant with the longest leaves.
Guinness World Records, Largest meteorite.
International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Databases.
International Trade Centre, Trade Map.
Numbeo, Quality of Life Index by City.
Official Government Website, City of Windhoek.
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags.
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
WorldOMeter, Namibia Population.
World Population Review, Windhoek Population.
Namibia won its independence via South African mandate on March 21, 1990. Fittingly named Namibia’s Independence Day, each March 21 is celebrated as a national holiday.
Windhoek’s area measures 1,982 square miles (5,133 square kilometers) with an estimated population of 431,171 residents at August 24, 2020.
At the country level, Namibia’s national population count was 2.5 million inhabitants at August 2020, living over a land territory encompassing 317,874 square miles (823,290 square kilometers).
Population density is more concentrated within Namibia’s capital city Windhoek averaging 218 dweller per square mile (84 per square kilometer).
Zooming out to Namibia’s overall land boundaries, population density drops to an average 8 people per square mile (3 per square kilometer). Namibia has the second-lowest population density of any sovereign country behind only Mongolia.