Nicknamed “Algiers the White” for its shiny white buildings, Algiers is the capital city for People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria.
Notre Dame d’Afrique is one of Algiers’ most famous monuments, built around 1858 and now accessible by a single cable car.
Algeria has the world’s 16th biggest proven reserves for crude oil and the 11th greatest proven reserves for natural gas.
Algeria exported US$30 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2016. Algeria’s highest-value exports include petroleum gases and oils, ammonia, nitrogenous fertilizers, sugar and fresh or dried dates according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Algiers, Algeria: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: Notre Dame d’Afrique, Great Mosque (Jamaa el-Kebir) and the Kasbah of Algiers (citadel)
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Algiers, Algeria:
- Nouria Mérah-Benida, Olympic running gold medalist (born Oct. 19, 1970)
- Islam Slimani, professional soccer/football player (born Jun. 18, 1988)
- Djabir Saïd-Guerni, Olympic running bronze medalist (born Mar. 29, 1977)
- Dalia Chih, pop singer (born Dec. 16, 1997)
- Mohamed Ryad Garidi, Olympic rower (born Dec. 20, 1977)
- Souad Massi, singer-songwriter/footballer (born Aug. 23, 1972)
- Rafik Halliche, soccer/football player (born Sep. 2, 1986)
- Mohamed Serir, Olympic wrestler (born Dec. 6, 1984)
- Summer Nazif, Twitter poet (born Aug. 22, 1994)
- Sofiane Lamali, Olympic handball player (born Jan. 31, 1974)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for an Algerian resident: Algerian
Population: 3,675,000 (Algiers city built-up urban area)
Density: 21,618 people per square mile (8,347 per square kilometer)
Population: 5,000,000 (Algiers Province)
Density: 10,870 people per square mile (4,197 per square kilometer)
Population: 40,263,711 (Algeria)
Density: 44 people per square mile (17 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$609.4 billion as of October 2016 (for Algeria, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person: $14,950
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Algiers were unavailable.
Official currency used in Algiers: Algerian dinar
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 28, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Africa: Algeria. Accessed on February 3, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Major Urban Areas. Accessed on November 28, 2016
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 28, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on November 28, 2016
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on August 1, 2017
Official Government Website, People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Accessed on November 28, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 28, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Algeria. Accessed on February 3, 2017
Wikipedia, Algiers. Accessed on November 28, 2016
Wikipedia, Algiers Province. Accessed on November 28, 2016
Algiers has a built-up urban area that contains 170 square miles (440 square kilometers), within which 3.7 million people live.
In addition to being the national capital, Algiers is also the capital city of Algiers Province. The latter extends over 460 square miles (1,190 square kilometers), with an estimated population of 5 million residents.
At the country level, Algeria’s land area covers 919,595 square miles (2,381,741 square kilometers)–the world’s 10th largest land area for any country. The national population count was 40.3 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is higher within Algeria’s capital city featuring an average 21,600 per square mile (8,300 per square kilometer) within its built-up urbanized perimeter.
Over the larger Algiers Province, density thins to an average 11,000 people per square mile (4,200 per square kilometer) for Algiers’s greater metropolitan area.
For Algeria overall, population density drops to an average 44 inhabitants per square mile (17 per square kilometer).
Algerians celebrate Revolution Day as a public holiday each November 1.