Serving as its country’s primary port and industrial, cultural and urban center, Luanda is the capital city for the Republic of Angola–a country on Africa’s southwestern coast.
The variability of Luanda’s rainfall is among the severest anywhere, ranging from an average 136 inches (3,454 millimeters) in April to under one inch (25.4 millimeters) from June to September.
At an average 56 years for the national population, Angolans have one of the world’s shortest life expectancies at birth.
Angola exported an estimated US$27.4 billion worth of goods around the globe in 2016. The highest-value Angolan export is crude oil. Albeit for much smaller dollar amounts, the country in southern Africa also exports diamonds, fish, timber and marble according to the International Trade Centre.
Capital Facts for Luanda, Angola: Quick Reference
Capital landmarks: BPC HQ Building, Mausoleum of Agostinho Neto (monument) and Palácio de Ferro (palace)
Below, you will find 10 of the most famous people born in Luanda, Angola:
- Maria Borges, model (born Oct. 28, 1992)
- Anselmo Ralph, singer (born Mar. 12, 1981)
- William Carvalho, soccer player/footballer (born Apr. 7, 1992)
- Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos (aka Nandó), politician (born Mar. 5, 1950)
- Koren Grieveson, chef (born Nov. 4, 1971)
- Hoji Fortuna, actor (born Sep. 4, 1974)
- Sharam Diniz, model (born Mar. 2, 1991)
- Rui Goulart, actor & director (born May 16, 1962)
- Claudimar Neto, dancer (born Sep. 22, 1989)
- José Neto, actor (born Dec. 25, 1955)
Note: Data for our Famous People tab was sourced from Google searches mostly targeting published Wikipedia articles specific to each person’s name.
Demonym for a Luanda resident: Luandan
Population: 2,825,311 (Luanda city)
Density: 64,212 people per square mile (24,792 per square kilometer)
Population: 6,955,000 (Luanda Province)
Density: 7,454 people per square mile (2,878 per square kilometer)
Population: 20,172,332 (Angola)
Density: 42 people per square mile (16 per square kilometer)
GDP: US$187.3 billion as of October 2016 (for Angola, per WorldsRichestCountries.com)
GDP per person: $7,260
Note: The above country-level GDP metrics are on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and are in U.S. dollars. Credible city GDP statistics for Luanda were unavailable.
Official currency used in Luanda: Angolan kwanza
Brookings Institution, Global Metro Monitor Report (includes GDP data). Accessed on November 22, 2016
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Africa: Angola. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, Field Listing: Life Expectancy at Birth. Accessed on February 1, 2017
CityMetric, Where are largest cities in the world? 2015 edition. Accessed on November 22, 2016
Demographia, World Urban Area, 12th Annual Edition. Accessed on November 22, 2016
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on August 1, 2017
Official Government Website, Government of Angola | Luanda. Accessed on November 22, 2016
Wikimedia Commons, City Flags. Accessed on November 22, 2016
Note: Some city flags were unavailable. If so, attribution belongs to Wikimedia Commons for pertinent country flags.
Wikipedia, Angola. Accessed on February 1, 2017
Wikipedia, Luanda. Accessed on November 22, 2016
Wikipedia, Luanda Province. Accessed on November 22, 2016
Occupying 44 square miles (113 square kilometers), 2.8 million residents live within Luanda’s city limits.
In contrast, about 7 million people lived in Luanda Province during 2015. That geographical entity has an area of 933 square miles (2,416 square kilometers), and is comprised of six other municipalities in addition to capital city Luanda. The six other municipalities are Belas, Cacuaco, Cazenga, Icolo e Bengo, Quiçama and Viana.
At the country level, Angola’s land area covers 481,353 square miles (1,246,700 square kilometers). The national population count was 20.2 million inhabitants as of July 2016.
Population density is much higher within Angola’s capital city with an average 64,200 Luandans per square mile (24,800 per square kilometer).
The comparative metric dips to an average 7,500 people per square mile (2,900 per square kilometer) for the more expansive Luanda Province.
For Angola overall, population density drops dramatically to an average 42 inhabitants per square mile (16 per square kilometer).
Angola gained its independence from Portugal on November 11, 1975. Angolans celebrate Independence Day as a public holiday each November 11.